ISSN 2466-2992 (Online) (2015) br.1, p.40-46


Dušica Janković

Emergency Medical Service Nis, Serbia


Background: Historical data show that in the world not until the end of the sixth decade of the nineteenth century women could study medicine. The first to allow women to study was Medical School in Zurich where there were women from all over Europe. In Zurich, 1878, the first Serbian women completed the medical studies and she was Miss Draga Ljočić.

The first woman doctor in Serbia was born in Šabac in 1855. After finishing elementary school she went to Belgrade and then to Zurich in 1872 to continue her education. She enrolled to study medicine and briefly interrupted her education in order to participate in the Serbian-Turkish war in 1876 as a medical assistant, where she received the rank of lieutenant. In 1878 she came back from Zurich to Serbia as "a doctor of medicine, surgery, obstetrics and eye diseases." Former Serbia and its laws were not ready to accept first woman doctor in the civil service as equal. Her knowledge had to be reexamined by the board formed of the eminent Serbian doctors. She began her medical practice at the Belgrade State Hospital in 1880, and five years later, during the Serbo-Bulgarian War, was the only doctor in that hospital, because all mail hospital doctors were in war service. Often, with a physician’s bag in her hands, she would make home visits to patients upon invitation. Draga as a physician in the medical service successfully participated in both Balkan wars. At the time of World War I, already in her late years, she had been active in collecting and sending aid to the sick. She was working as a doctor in the State monopoly. She was engaged in translating foreign professional literature. She founded the Belgrade Maternity Association and participated in raising the hospital "Dr Elise Inglis". Draga was married to Raša Milošević, she was mother of four children and the first woman in Serbia to keep her maiden surname and add her husband’s. Dr Draga Ljočić Milošević died in Serbia in 1926.

Conclusion: The life story of dr Draga Ljočić Milošević undoubtedly can be seen as a completely contemporary. Her power to be recognized in her profession as equal with the others, we can recognize in the work of all who are engaged in emergency medicine.



Emergency Medical Service Nis, Serbia

E mail: drdusicaj@yahoo.com

Rad primljen:    11.10.2015

Rad prihvaćen:   21.10.2015.

Elektronska verzija objavljena:  01.11.2015

Issue 2015-1 / article 5


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